Undoubtedly one of the most played and most iconic casino games ever, roulette has been around for over 200 years and even more than that if we consider some of its early undeveloped forms. Its evolution through the centuries starts from its modest beginnings as a simple device created to work purely on the perpetual motion to one of the most popular virtual games in the world that is probably played in every single country. Knowing a thing or two about the history of roulette might not help your game, but it is a good starting point for learning and enjoying the game.

French Roots of Roulette

The French mathematician and inventor Blaise Pascal was the one who came up with the idea and concept of the cylinder, that is the basis of the modern roulette wheel, back in the 17th century. He wanted to create a device that was propelled purely by perpetual motion, i.e. a method in which the wheel will be spinning infinitely without any external influence. Once this project was finally abandoned it took over a Century for it to be picked up once more and modified into the recognisable wheel that we have all become accustomed to. Although he failed in inventing the perpetual motion wheel, Pascal’s invention most certainly was a great success.

The Colours of Roulette

Although it is difficult to pinpoint an exact date in the history of roulette, one thing is for sure – it originates from France. During the 19th Century, the actual game had probably it's most significant development when the French brothers Francois and Louis Blanc redeveloped the roulette wheel. Francois and Louis were the ones to introduce roulette’s red and black pockets with numbers from 1 to 36, as well as the well-known green zero pocket, and the layout of roulette bets.

Mysterious History of Roulette

Roulette quickly became popular all over Europe and gained even bigger prominence due to some mysterious and unfounded rumours that surrounded both the game and one of its French creators. The legend goes that one of the Blanch brothers, Francois, apparently sold his soul to the Devil in exchange for the knowledge on how to win at roulette. The game of roulette had also been given the nickname “The Devil’s Game”, not just due to this mysterious legend, but also for the fact that, interestingly enough, the 36 numbers on the wheel add up to 666, the number of the Beast, i.e. the Devil.

The History of Roulette in America

Another significant event in the history of roulette is the arrival of the game in the United States of America. When the game crossed the Atlantic, the casinos there felt that the house needs to have an even better edge. Therefore, the wheel was redesigned by adding an extra pocket, a double zero green slot. This addition allowed the house to gain a significant advantage in their favour (5.2% vs. 2.6%). This redesigned wheel and layout is what you see when you play American Roulette, while the classic and more popular wheel with only one zero is what you see when you play European Roulette.


Now that you know the origins of roulette, you should try this popular casino game at some online casinos like Paddy Power, Dunder, or Betfair, where you can even get free chips as a welcome offer.

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